Learning About Acne and Acne Scars

The most common condition in the USA, acne affects more than 50 million Americans today. It is capable of lasting for years and can lead to changes in the skin permanently if it isn’t treated. This would then spill over to major scarring of the face and anxiety later on. Acne is not easy to control that is why it is crucial to seek the help of an expert dermatologist when you notice its first symptoms. It is possible to treat it with prescription therapy together with proper skin routines to prevent future outbreaks.

What Is Acne?

This is a skin condition which develops when a person’s oil glands go into overdrive, which would then cause the pore to become clogged with excess oil. Because of this, bacteria can grow here freely and cause irritation, pain, swelling and redness. Two main types of acne have been identified which are the non-inflammatory lesions and inflammatory lesions.

What Causes Acne?

There are essentially four major factors which cause the breakout of acne. These are the diet, hygiene, hormones and genetics of an individual. Among these four, changes in one’s hormones have the most impact. That is why they are very common among the teenagers and can last up until young adulthood. They can even come back in the late 30s and 40s of a person.

What Are Acne Scars and Hyperpigmentation?

Any type of scarring or discoloration of the skin due to acne is not a good thing to look at, and many people are not aware that there are actually many treatment choices to prevent them. The treatment plans will depend on the type of acne scarring and even with active acne still present, board-certified dermatologists can customize their treatment plans for unique skin concerns.

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How Can Acne Be Treated?

Our certified dermatologists are capable of helping reduce or get rid of a person’s acne through various treatments that are tailor-made for your needs. The main treatment regimen that we recommend to all of our patients is a daily cleansing of the area twice a day followed by medications. Oral prescriptions such as antibiotics can be taken depending on the severity of the acne.

We at Advanced Dermatology also provide professional extractions, chemical peels and photodynamic therapy. We provide our patients with multiple therapeutic choices to treat acne scarring and any textural changes with amazing results.

Types of Acne Scars

Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation: Dark brown or pink colored marks which appear on one’s skin due to acne or other traumas.

Boxcar Scar: This type of scar happens from a loss of tissue. They are classified as oval, round or wide depressions on the skin that have steep vertical sides.

Rolling Scars: Type of scar that results in a wave-like pattern on the skin.

Ice-Pick Scars: Are narrow scars that resemble a hole in one’s skin.

Hypertrophic or Raised Scars: A hard mass of skin that is raised and can usually grow bigger than the lesion.

Acne Scars & Hyperpigmentation Treatments

Chemical Peels: Provides chemical exfoliation to the skin and improves cell turnover.

Microneedling: The skin is stimulated to produce natural and controlled collagen.

Fraxel LaserProvides a microscopic laser column to treat a part of the skin at a time without causing damage to other tissues.

VBeam Laser: A laser which provides a gentle burst of heat energy to selected areas of the skin.

Topical Treatment: Several effective topical choices to treat hyperpigmentation or dark marks caused by acne.

Dermal Filler: Fills in volume loss that is caused by deep acne scarring.

Surgical Revision: Surgery will be needed for acne scarring that is more severe.

Localized Injection – This is done to treat raised or hypertrophic acne scars.


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